Manual Live Systems

Sobre

1. Sobre esse manual

1.1 Para os impacientes
1.2 Terminologia
1.3 Autores
1.4 Contribuindo com esse documento
1.4.1 Applying changes
1.4.2 Tradução

2. About the Live Systems Project

2.1 Motivação
2.1.1 O que está errado com os atuais sistemas live
2.1.2 Por que criar seu proprio sistema live?
2.2 Filosofia
2.2.1 Apenas pacotes inalterados do Debian "main"
2.2.2 Nenhum pacote de configuração do sistema live
2.3 Contato

Usuario

3. Instalação

3.1 Requisitos
3.2 Instalando live-build
3.2.1 Do repositório Debian
3.2.2 Da fonte
3.2.3 Dos 'instantaneos'
3.3 Instalando live-boot e live-config
3.3.1 Do repositório Debian
3.3.2 Da fonte
3.3.3 Dos 'instantaneos'

4. O básico

4.1 O que é um sistema live?
4.2 Downloading prebuilt images
4.3 Using the web live image builder
4.3.1 Web builder usage and caveats
4.4 Primeiros passos: construindo uma imagem ISO híbrida
4.5 Usando uma imagem live ISO hibrida
4.5.1 Queimar uma imagem ISO em um meio físico
4.5.2 Copiar uma imagem ISO híbrida para um dispositivo USB
4.5.3 Using the space left on a USB stick
4.5.4 Booting the live medium
4.6 Usando uma máquina virtual para testar
4.6.1 Testing an ISO image with QEMU
4.6.2 Testing an ISO image with VirtualBox
4.7 Building and using an HDD image
4.8 Building a netboot image
4.8.1 Servidor DHCP
4.8.2 Servidor TFTP
4.8.3 Servidor NFS
4.8.4 Netboot testing HowTo
4.8.5 Qemu
4.9 Webbooting
4.9.1 Getting the webboot files
4.9.2 Booting webboot images

5. Overview of tools

5.1 The live-build package
5.1.1 The lb init command
5.1.2 The lb config command
5.1.3 The lb build command
5.1.4 The lb clean command
5.2 The live-boot package
5.3 The live-config package

6. Managing a configuration

6.1 Dealing with configuration changes
6.1.1 Why use auto scripts? What do they do?
6.1.2 Use example auto scripts
6.2 Clone a configuration published via Git

7. Visão geral sobre personalização

7.1 Configuração de tempo de construção X tempo de inicialização
7.2 Etapas da construção
7.3 Complementar lb config com arquivos
7.4 Tarefas de personalização

8. Customizing package installation

8.1 Package sources
8.1.1 Distribution, archive areas and mode
8.1.2 Distribution mirrors
8.1.3 Distribution mirrors used at build time
8.1.4 Distribution mirrors used at run time
8.1.5 Additional repositories
8.2 Choosing packages to install
8.2.1 Package lists
8.2.2 Using metapackages
8.2.3 Local package lists
8.2.4 Local binary package lists
8.2.5 Generated package lists
8.2.6 Using conditionals inside package lists
8.2.7 Removing packages at install time
8.2.8 Desktop and language tasks
8.2.9 Kernel flavour and version
8.2.10 Custom kernels
8.3 Installing modified or third-party packages
8.3.1 Using packages.chroot to install custom packages
8.3.2 Using an APT repository to install custom packages
8.3.3 Custom packages and APT
8.4 Configuring APT at build time
8.4.1 Choosing apt or aptitude
8.4.2 Using a proxy with APT
8.4.3 Tweaking APT to save space
8.4.4 Passing options to apt or aptitude
8.4.5 APT pinning

9. Customizing contents

9.1 Includes
9.1.1 Live/chroot local includes
9.1.2 Binary local includes
9.2 Hooks
9.2.1 Live/chroot local hooks
9.2.2 Boot-time hooks
9.2.3 Binary local hooks
9.3 Preseeding Debconf questions

10. Customizing run time behaviours

10.1 Customizing the live user
10.2 Customizing locale and language
10.3 Persistence
10.3.1 The persistence.conf file
10.3.2 Using more than one persistence store
10.4 Using persistence with encryption

11. Customizing the binary image

11.1 Bootloaders
11.2 ISO metadata

12. Customizing Debian Installer

12.1 Types of Debian Installer
12.2 Customizing Debian Installer by preseeding
12.3 Customizing Debian Installer content

Projeto

13. Contributing to the project

13.1 Aplicando Atualizações

14. Reporting bugs

14.1 Known issues
14.2 Rebuild from scratch
14.3 Use up-to-date packages
14.4 Collect information
14.5 Isolate the failing case if possible
14.6 Use the correct package to report the bug against
14.6.1 At build time while bootstrapping
14.6.2 At build time while installing packages
14.6.3 At boot time
14.6.4 At run time
14.7 Do the research
14.8 Where to report bugs

15. Coding Style

15.1 Compatibility
15.2 Indenting
15.3 Wrapping
15.4 Variables
15.5 Miscellaneous

16. Procedures

16.1 Major Releases
16.2 Point Releases
16.2.1 Last Point Release of a Debian Release
16.2.2 Point release announcement template

17. Git repositories

17.1 Handling multiple repositories

Exemplos

18. Examples

18.1 Using the examples
18.2 Tutorial 1: A default image
18.3 Tutorial 2: A web browser utility
18.4 Tutorial 3: A personalized image
18.4.1 First revision
18.4.2 Second revision
18.5 A VNC Kiosk Client
18.6 A base image for a 128MB USB key
18.7 A localized GNOME desktop and installer

Apendice

19. Style guide

19.1 Guidelines for authors
19.1.1 Linguistic features
19.1.2 Procedures
19.2 Guidelines for translators
19.2.1 Translation hints

Metadata

Manual Live Systems

Projeto

17. Git repositories

The list of all the available repositories of the Live Systems Project can be found at ‹http://live-systems.org/gitweb/›. The project's git URLs have the form: protocol://live-systems.org/git/repository. Thus, in order to clone live-manual read-only, launch:

$ git clone git://live-systems.org/git/live-manual.git

Or,

$ git clone https://live-systems.org/git/live-manual.git

Or,

$ git clone http://live-systems.org/git/live-manual.git

The cloning addresses with write permission have the form: git@live-systems.org:/repository.

So, again, to clone live-manual over ssh you must type:

$ git clone git@live-systems.org:live-manual.git

The git tree is made up of several different branches. The debian and the debian-next branches are particularly noteworthy because they contain the actual work that will eventually be included in each new release.

After cloning any of the existing repositories, you will be on the debian branch. This is appropriate to take a look at the state of the project's latest release but before starting work it is crucial to switch to the debian-next branch. To do so:

$ git checkout debian-next

The debian-next branch, which is not always fast-forward, is where all the changes are committed first before being merged into the debian branch. To make an analogy, it is like a testing ground. If you are working on this branch and need to pull, you will have to do a git pull --rebase so that your local modifications are staged while pulling from the server and then your changes will be put on top of it all.

17.1 Handling multiple repositories

If you intend to clone several of the live systems repositories and want to switch to the debian-next branch right away to check the latest code, write a patch or contribute with a translation you ought to know that the git server provides a mrconfig file to ease the handling of multiple repositories. In order to use it you need to install the mr package and after that, launch:

$  mr bootstrap http://live-systems.org/other/mr/mrconfig

This command will automatically clone and checkout to the debian-next branch the development repositories of the Debian packages produced by the project. These include, among others, the live-images repository, which contains the configurations used for the prebuilt images that the project publishes for general use. For more information on how to use this repository, see Clone a configuration published via Git